top of page

Love the Cause or Love the Man? A Question this Confederate Spy Had to Answer

Antonia Ford, a pretty, sassy spy for the Confederacy, didn’t mind batting her eyelashes at a Union soldier if it got her intelligence. She didn’t count on one man capturing her heart, though, or what their love would cost them.

(Photo by O.H. Willard, Library of Congress Philadelphia Manuscript Division, Gift of the Willard Family) Read more: Give the gift of Smithsonian magazine for only $12! Follow us: @SmithsonianMag on Twitter

(Photo by O.H. Willard, Library of Congress Philadelphia Manuscript Division, Gift of the Willard Family)

Born into a wealthy family of loud-and-proud secessionists, Antonia loved her home in Fairfax Court House, VA. When Union troops occupied her town in mid-1861, she eagerly used her money, connections, and feminine wiles to gather intelligence. The officers were awed by her beauty and, clearly, oblivious to her brains. They talked and talked about the Union’s plans right in front of her. And Antonia turned right around and fed intelligence to the Confederacy.

When Union General Edward H. Stoughton was captured in his headquarters (one of the most famous raids of the Civil War), suspicion fell on Antonia, since she had spent some time with the officer. A counter-spy tricked Antonia into revealing the aid-de-camp commission given to her by J.E.B. Stuart himself. Antonia was arrested based on this document. Worse, however, smuggled papers were discovered in her possession. Pretty incriminating.

As fate would have it, she was arrested by 44-year-old Maj. Joseph Willard. Willard was struck right in the heart by the pretty, 24-year-old belle, but did his duty and delivered her to Old Capital Prison in Washington, D.C. Antonia was also drawn to the major and their romance blossomed…behind bars. Maj. Willard spent several months working at it, but was finally able to secure Antonia’s release. Their love, though, came at a high cost.

Antonia had to swear allegiance to the Union and promise that she would never spy again. Willard agreed to give up his commission and resigned from the Army. Apparently, neither of the two ever regretted these decisions. The couple married in 1864 and took over his family’s business, the Willard Hotel. Sadly, during their short marriage, they lost two babies, and Antonia continually battled health issues that stemmed from her incarceration. She passed away in 1871. Willard was heartbroken by her death and never remarried. Their hotel, now called the InterContinental, still stands on Pennsylvania Ave., mere shouting distance from the symbol of a government she once sought to topple.

Oh, the irony for a lady in defiance.

Copyright 2014 Heather Blanton

#BattleofLexingtonandConcord #OldCapitalPrison #historicalfiction #StagecoachDrivers #FemalespiesoftheCivilWar #FrankButler #ElizaLucasPinckney #womenshistory #heatherblanton #MajorWillard #AMCsHellonWheels #CharlyParkhurst #BuffaloBillCody #GeorgeWashington #southcarolinahistory #WomenoftheWildWest #ShirleyPlantation #womenwhohelpedwintheRevolutionaryWar #AnnieOakley #Americanwomen #patriots #DaughtersoftheAmericanRevolution #christianfiction #indigo #AmericanWomenintheRevolutionaryWar #heatherfreyblanton #MeliscentBarrett #AMCsTurn #womenentrepreneurs #TurnonAMC #WomenSharpshooters #aladyindefiance #womenwhofoughtintheamericanrevolution #WarforIndependence #Womenlivingasmen #historicalromance #FemalePatriots #AntoniaFord #unsungheroinesoftheAmericanRevolution #hidinggender #whatwastherevolutionarywar #WomenintheCivilWar #WildWestShows #ColonialAmerica

2 views0 comments


bottom of page